Birth Control Options For Young Women

Birth Control Options For Young Women – Alisha D. Sellers, B.S. Pharmacy, Clinically Reviewed by Pharmacy – By Lauren Sharkey – Updated March 17, 2022

Both the birth control shot (otherwise known as Depo-Provera) and the birth control pill are very effective forms of birth control. But they have their differences.

Birth Control Options For Young Women

Birth Control Options For Young Women

Although both contain hormones that prevent ovulation, the birth control pill must be taken daily, while the injection is administered by a healthcare professional once every 3 months.

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Read on to learn more about how each method works, as well as the pros and cons, to decide which one is right for you.

Depo-Provera is a shot that prevents pregnancy for 3 months at a time. It contains a synthetic hormone called progestin.

The contraceptive device works like the pill by preventing ovulation, thickening cervical mucus and thinning the lining of the uterus.

According to Planned Parenthood, the shot is 99 percent effective when given every 3 months. If you get your shot on time without delay, your chance of getting pregnant in a given year is less than 1 in 100.

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For those who don’t get the vaccine as prescribed — often called routine use — the effectiveness rate drops to about 94 percent, meaning 6 out of 100 people who get the vaccine will get pregnant each year.

According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), it can take an average of 10 months for people to get pregnant after stopping the pill. In some cases, it may take a while for normal fertility levels to return.

The shot does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). You should still use a barrier method of protection, such as condoms, to help prevent the transmission of STIs and potentially sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

Birth Control Options For Young Women

For a successful pregnancy to occur, an egg must be released into the fallopian tube and then fertilized by sperm.

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The sperm must pass through the cervix (the opening at the bottom of the uterus). That fertilized egg must then travel through the fallopian tube and attach itself to the wall of the uterus.

Birth control releases progestin into the bloodstream to prevent the release of an egg from the ovary (ovulation) and to thicken the mucus around the cervix.

When there is no egg in the fallopian tube, pregnancy is prevented because there is nothing for the sperm to fertilize. And when the cervix is ​​blocked by thick mucus, even sperm can’t pass through.

Progestin also thins the lining of the uterus. If the egg is fertilized, it prevents it from sticking to the uterine wall (implantation).

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The hormone released from the shot stays in the body for 3 months. After that, another shot is needed to prevent pregnancy.

For maximum effectiveness (and to help you get into a routine), try to take birth control pills at the same time each day.

Combination pills offer more flexibility – they’re effective as long as you take one every day. But progestin-only pills must be taken at the same 3-hour time each day.

Birth Control Options For Young Women

According to Planned Parenthood, birth control pills are 99 percent effective at preventing pregnancy when taken as directed. However, most practice common use.

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Habitual use is defined as missing a pill or two, being late for a new pack, or any other event that prevents someone from taking the pill at the same time every day.

With normal use, birth control pills are 91 percent effective, meaning that 9 out of 100 people who take the pill will become pregnant in a given year.

Once you stop taking birth control pills, you can return to your normal cycle almost immediately and experience your first regular period in less than 2 months.

It is important to understand that you can get pregnant soon after taking the pill, whether you have regular periods or not.

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Birth control pills do not protect against STIs, so it is recommended to use a barrier method, such as a condom.

Birth control pills prevent pregnancy in the same way as the pill. First, internal hormones can prevent ovulation. If no eggs are released, the sperm have nothing to fertilize.

(Note that the combination pill is more likely to prevent ovulation. According to the ACOG, about 4 in 10 users continue to ovulate as a result of the progestin-only pill.)

Birth Control Options For Young Women

Second, hormones increase the deposition of mucus around the opening of the cervix. If this sticky substance thickens, any sperm entering the body will be stopped before they can get close to the egg.

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Both types of pills can thin the lining of the uterus, ensuring that no fertilized egg can attach.

Both the birth control pill and the Depo-Provera shot are safe for most people. However, they may not be suitable for everyone.

This risk is greater in some people, such as people with a history of these conditions or those at increased risk of cardiovascular disease due to high cholesterol and high blood pressure.

People who have given birth should avoid the combined pill for at least 3 weeks after giving birth – and even if they have additional risk factors for DVT.

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Note that people with multiple risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as smoking and diabetes mellitus, may be at increased risk for this disease while receiving the vaccine.

Most of these side effects will subside within the first 2 to 3 months after you start taking the pills.

Because the hormones from the shot stay in your body for up to 3 months, side effects can last that long.

Birth Control Options For Young Women

Both the birth control pill and the birth control shot deliver an increased dose of hormones into your body. Therefore, whenever your hormones are deliberately altered, you can expect to experience some side effects or symptoms.

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The hormones in birth control pills are given slowly on a daily basis. The level of hormones in pills is not very high.

However, the Depo-Provera shot delivers a large dose of the hormone at once. For this reason, you may experience more side effects soon after the shot.

When used correctly, according to Planned Parenthood, the contraceptive shot is 99 percent effective, meaning 1 in 100 people will get pregnant while taking it. If you don’t take the pill on time, the effectiveness drops to 94 percent, which means 6 out of 100 people will get pregnant.

Similarly, birth control pills are 99 percent effective when used as directed. But with normal use it drops to 91 percent.

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One form is not necessarily better than the other. It depends on your personal preference and what is right for you and your lifestyle.

If you’re not sure which birth control is best for you, talk to a healthcare professional and explore your options before making your decision.

For the first 1 to 6 months after receiving birth control shots, you will likely experience irregular periods. As your body adjusts, it is possible that your periods will become lighter and shorter, then stop completely after 1 year. (This happens to about half of people who take birth control, according to Planned Parenthood.)

Birth Control Options For Young Women

On the other hand, the pill may not result in a period if you are on a continuous regimen where you take one active pill every day. But even if you have been prescribed pills with 3 active weeks and 1 inactive week, you can continue to take the active pill to delay or skip your period.

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Yes, you need a prescription for any form of hormonal birth control. The only exception is emergency contraception, often called the “morning-after pill,” which is available without a doctor’s prescription at most pharmacies.

Besides visiting a doctor in person, you can use online birth control services to get a prescription for birth control pills and regular delivery.

There is nothing special you need to do to prepare to take birth control. However, eating a nutrient-dense meal and making sure you’re hydrated is always a good idea.

If needles make you uncomfortable, tell your healthcare provider before getting the shot. They may ask you to sit or lie down to ease your nerves and reduce the risk of fainting.

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Since the pills have to be taken on a daily basis, it is possible to get pregnant quickly after stopping. This is also the case if menstruation is irregular.

Because of the high levels of administered hormones, it can take an average of 10 months for people to get pregnant after stopping the shot. This may be longer for some.

Yes, you can change. If you want to stop taking the pill and switch pills, you will need to take the first injection 7 days before stopping the pill. Also, you’ll need to make sure you’ve finished your current pill before switching.

Birth Control Options For Young Women

Going from pill to pill is a little easier. You just need to make sure the first pill is taken at least 15 weeks after your last vaccine.

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If effectiveness is your main concern, keep in mind that both forms of birth control are 99 percent effective when used properly. However, with normal use, the vaccine is slightly more effective at 94 percent compared to the pill’s 91 percent.

If you want to prioritize comfort, then

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